Culture is the way of life that distinguishes a group of people. Culture includes government, language, religion, customs, and beliefs.

Social Groups-general family life:
  • The Irish constitution give rights to marriage and family. 31% of children are born outside of marriage.external image C_71_article_1056116_image_list_image_list_item_0_image.jpg?30%2F06%2F2008%2015%3A36%3A14%3A914 Most mothers have their first child at the age of 30 years old. Couples take up the majority of all family units.

  • In Ireland extended family usually live nearby one another. When a person must leave their family for work or schooling he or she often makes a strong effort to return home as soon or often as possible. Families in Ireland are almost always with each other on Christmas.
  • Most Irish families have 2 children. Women in Ireland are a lot more likely to be a stay at home mothers than in other European countries, though more young women are becoming career oriented. In fact, on third of the Irish workforce is made of women.

Dating & Marriage:
  • People of all ages often go to pubs as a social activity.external image WG322IvM.jpg
  • Dancing and movies are popular among teenagers. There is now a tradition developing of taking a date to the graduation ball. This is not unlike the prom we have here in the United States. At graduation balls, also known as debs, teenagers dress up formally. They usually go to get a large meal and then go to the dance at a local hotel.
  • In Ireland, couples often marry in their early twenties. This has differed from 1960 and 1970 when people usually w ere married in their late twenties or later. The change in marrying age could either be because the economy in Ireland now allows younger couples to afford their own house sooner or because people in Ireland are starting to date at younger ages.
  • It isn’t uncommon for weddings in Ireland to be performed in a church, though some are also performed registry offices. Weddings in either place are automatically accepted as legal.
  • In Ireland, the constitution prohibited divorce until 1995; this is when Irish people voted by 1% to legalize divorce. Now Irish law allows couples to divorce after a four-year separation.

  • The majority of Irish people are Roman Catholic, around 88%. Around 3% of the Irish population belongs to the Anglican church of Ireland. The remaining 9% hold other beliefs.622px-Relig-ire-2006.PNG
  • In Ireland freedom of religion is guaranteed.
  • The Catholic Church has been very involved with Ireland's cultural and political history. It still somewhat shapes the values of the Irish and the laws of the country.
  • The ban on divorce and then current ban on abortion in Ireland are mostly because of the Catholic Church’s efforts.
  • The attendance at religious services is slipping though. Slowly the Catholic Church is becoming less influential and prominent.


  • The main language of Ireland is English.
  • It was adopted when the English invaded and took over the island.external image irish-guys-costumes.jpg
  • The traditional language of Ireland is a form of Gaelic. it is spoken in some regions of the country but not nation wide.
  • Road signs are written in both languages the same as government documents are.
  • Irish-Gaelic is becoming increasingly popular throughout Ireland.

Cultural Patterns:
  • Holidays in the republic of Ireland are very similar to those in the United States.
  • Christmas and New Years are celebrated much like the U.S. but they are all very religious people so usually they have a mass or some sort of church activity.
  • St. Patrick's Day is a huge event in Ireland.
  • St. Patrick's Day is the national holiday and they have huge celebrations with drinking and parades. Gotta love the Irish!!

Leisure Activities: external image ballybuniongolf.jpg
  • Gaelic football and hurling are the most popular sports in Ireland. Many people enjoy watching the games.

  • Another popular leisure activity in Ireland is golf. Ireland has some of the best golf courses in the world, there are over 300 courses to play at.
  • Ireland also has a high rate of movie theaters. The largest multiplex chain in the country is the Ward Anderson. Irish people enjoy watching movies, and there is a high rate of movie rentals.

  • Fishing is another common recreational activity
  • Fishing for trout and salmon are most common.


  • Literature is a great part in Irish Culture. It is usually written in Gaelic or English. Most of the traditional folklore includes stories about saints, ghosts, and fairies.
    (James Joyce)
    (James Joyce)
  • A lot of Ireland’s artists and writers are inspired by the country’s history and mythology.
  • Even though Ireland doesn't have a large population, it has produced many famous writers. Many Nobel Prize winners for Literature are also from Ireland such as George Bernard Shaw, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett and, Seamus Heaney.
  • Even though James Joyce wasn't a Nobel Prize winner, he is considered very significant writer of the 20th century. His book Ulysses is considered one of the most important books in Modernist Literature. The Bloomsday celebration, that is held annually in Dublin on June 16th, is dedicated to his life.
  • Ireland has some of the oldest vernacular poetry in Europe, dating back to the sixth century. Irish art first began with Stone Age carvings, such as ones found in Newgrange, a Megalithic Passage tomb built around 3200 b.c.
  • Newer art has emerged from other painters in the 19th and 20th century.
  • In Ireland there are a lot of castles and ancient buildings. They have a lot of green grass as well.
  • Dance is another type of art well loved in Ireland.
  • Most of Irish dancing is referred to as step dancing. “Riverdance”, a world-famous TV show, popularized stepdancing in 1994. Step dancing is known for is rapid leg movements while the rest of the body remains mainly stationary, this is seen especially in solo step dancing.
  • You can see this in the video to the right.
  • When you think of Irish music, you most likely think of bagpipes and fiddles.
  • But would you think of a rock band that is famous all over the world?
  • The world famous band U2 is from Dublin.
  • Many other newer bands are coming from the rocky shores of Ireland such as Flogging Molly (see video). The fiddle heavy beats and accent of the lead singer give the Irish sound to the music.
  • Traditional Irish music is listened to all over the world. Celtic music is very popular all over the world.
  • The fiddle and bag pipes make you want to jump up and dance a little Irish jig.

  • Ireland is an agricultural country. This means that they produce a lot of fresh vegetables as well as dairy products, breads, and seafood.
  • Potatoes are a staple food in Ireland.
  • Fruits are also available in Ireland more widely because they joined the European Union.
  • In Ireland Smoked salmon, Irish stew, and Irish lamb are all specialties.
  • Some local delicacies include Crubeens (pigs feet) and Colcannon (potatoes and cabbage).
  • The most common drink in Ireland is tea.
  • Breakfasts usually include foods such as bacon and eggs whereas dinner includes things like chicken, beef, pork, and lamb.

Tantalizing Charr with Golden Herb Breadcrumb
A simple classic that will appeal to all the family.

  • 843ArticCharCheese_lrg.jpg2 Arctic Charr fillets
  • Small glass white wine
  • 2 tablespoons of breadcrumbs with chopped herbs added olive oil
  • Olive oil
  • 30g melted butter with handful chopped herbs added
  • Preheat oven to 180ºC /Gas mark 4
  • Place fish fillets on a lightly oiled tray, pour white wine over
  • Bake for 12-15 minutes
  • Sprinkle with breadcrumbs, baste with cooking juices and melted herb butter
  • Place under medium-hot grill until golden brown
Can serve with mixed leaf salad. Or for a more sophisticated dish, gratedParmesan can be mixed in with breadcrumbs.


Authors:Carly Carnahan, Caitlin Carlson, Shay Hardman, and Nicole Herzog. Period:5th